The formal search for leaven . בדיקת. חמץ.) is conducted on the night before Pesah. This symbolizes the final removal of leaven from the home. Before the. Bedikat chametz must be performed on the eve of the fourteenth of Nissan (April 2 The bracha of al bi’ur chametz is recited, immediately preceding the bedika. However, the night before (or two nights before if Pesach begins on a Saturday night), Bedikat Chametz (literally, “the search for Chametz”).

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One who is leaving one’s property prior to the night of the 14th, but is not selling the property is required to perform a search without a blessing. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. See Haggadah of the Roshei Yeshiva pg 13 which records the minhag of Rav Moshe to perform a bedika in his small apartment for longer than an hour.

Every part of every room of the house where chametz may possibly be found must be searched using this process. Accessed April 12, Many Poskim are of the opinion that one should start the bedika with a candle and change over to a flashlight Rabbi Moshe Stern Shlita.

Since a blessing must never be recited without good reason, a few crumbs of bread are deliberately left on window sills and in other obvious places. Nevertheless, Chazal held that the search must be bbedikat in the evening for two reasons.

Some give the reason for the spoon is so that the person will not forget to nullify the chametz. Song of Songs Torah readings Prayer for dew. Bevikat the person engaged in the above before this time, one is not required to stop until three stars appear whereupon one must stop and perform the bedika RamaMB Their reasoning is that we have a principle in halacha that when two mitzvos come at the same time, the one that is most frequent takes precedent MBand one may forget to davin later.


Therefore, since one burns the chametz in the morning it will remind one to nullify the chametz MB See Rosh Pesachim 1: If one did, no new bracha is needed MB.

Matzo Matzah ball Matzah brei Matzo farfel granola Matzah pizza. Similarly, if one did not nullify the chametz after the bedika it is as if they still have not destroyed the chametz.

Bedikas chametz

Views Read Edit View history. It is customary to place 10 pieces of chametz for the search. This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. Maaseh Ravhowever, writes that one should do Bedika on sefarim that he used during a meal. If one completed the bedika, no bracha is recited at this time, however, in the morning before one burns the chametz one should recite the bracha Taz-2, MA-2, MB If for some reason one cannot one may make representative to burn it for him.

It follows the Ma’ariv prayer immediately after nightfall and before any other kind of activity is undertaken. If one forgot to recite the bracha before burning the chametz, no bracha is recited afterwards Maharam Shick SimanSedei Chemed Siman Some Poskim are of the opinion that if one will not go to shul one should daven maariv at home prior to the bedika MB-8, Chock Joseph, Sharai Tzion Each piece should be no larger than the size of an olive ST OrthodoxUnion Attention Mishna Yomit fans!!

The kabbalistic school of R. In some traditions, searchers also carry a bell to announce the discovery of chametz.

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One may not engage in any work etc. If one will have a big break from one place to the other, some Poskim are of the opinion that when you recite the first bracha one should have in mind that the bracha is only going on this bedika and does not include the bedika of the office etc.

This bedika doesn’t need to be done as if no cleaning was done, but is required anyway. The biblical injunction, “Even the besikat day shall ye put away leaven out of your house” Ex. The bracha is not recited on the actual searching of the chametz, but rather on the destroying of the chametz and searching is only a means to get chhametz the chametz.


The reason given in Kabbalah is that the ten pieces correspond to the Ten Sefirot of Klipah. Some Poskim feel that by putting out bread it will ensure that one will not forget and nullify the chametz because one will have chametz to burn the next day Chok Yaakov OrthodoxUnion Kosher slaughter ends in northern Belgium, threatening supplies to Europe – https: The reason being that many times one may be delayed and arrive on erev pesach after the permitted time MB Prior to bedikas chametz, several usually ten pieces of chametz are hidden around the house, preferably by a child if available.

Bedikat Chametz

If one can only perform the bedika either on the thirteenth by day or on the fourteenth beidkat day, one should perform the bedika on the fourteenth by day with a bracha Emek Tshuva Siman It is for this reason that Chazal ordained that the bedika is performed in the evening when candlelight offers a better illumination MBThese pieces must be small and should be wrapped so that crumbs do not escape.

The reason for this is that Chazal fhametz afraid that one would become engrossed in the subject matter and become negligent and not perform the bedika in its proper time.

Also, Rav Schachter added that in order to recite a bracha one should bring in some chametz such as a cookies before the time of the bedika. See above regarding the laws of not eating, working, or learning within a half hour of Tzeit Hakochavim.